Barbara P
Barbara P

Cause and Effect Essay - A Complete Writing Guide

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Published on: Jan 17, 2021

Last updated on: Dec 29, 2022

Cause and Effect Essay

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During your time in high school or college, you often get essay writing assignments. You know well that essays are of so many types. Each time the type of paper you are required to write is different.

Some essays you write are for the description or explanation of your subjects. Sometimes you write an essay to argue over your point of view. Moreover, you write an article known as a compare and contrast essay to show a formal comparison between two items.

Similarly, to discuss a cause and its multiple effects, you write an essay known as a cause and effect essay.

Cause and Effect Essay Definition

The cause and effect is a typical method of essay writing in which a writer conducts an analysis. The reasons and consequences of an action, event, or decision are researched in the study.

Moreover, we can also describe the cause and effect essay as a rhetorical style that analyses a particular event and the final results in essays we might get from it.

To organize a cause and effect essay, we start by discussing a problem, its possible outcomes, and stating the best solutions for that problem. It is not the case every time we write this type of essay.

This essay can be written to propose the best solution to an ongoing problem and to suggest different ways by which we can solve a dilemma.

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Characteristics of a Cause and Effect Essay

Cause and effect are a new type of essay as one gets to know a lot about a particular purpose and how it affects different aspects. A good and convincing cause-and-effect essay has the following characteristics.

  • A Meaningful Topic

Choosing the correct essay topic is a critical element. A reliable and logical topic will be easy for you to work on and will make your readers understand what you are trying to convey.

  • A Strong Thesis

A good thesis statement is the main characteristic of a substantial cause-and-effect essay.

The thesis statement should be strong enough that the reader should immediately understand what you will focus on in your paper’s body.

  • An Attractive Introduction

The introduction of your paper should not only present the subject of your analysis but also attract your audience’s attention and make them want to continue reading.

  • A Detailed Body

Your essay’s full body will make your paper look very organized and give it a regular flow.

  • A Memorable Conclusion

The last part of the essay is the conclusion. In this paragraph, you need to provide comprehension of everything you wrote earlier.

Make sure that you write this part in such a way that it leaves a lasting impression on your readers and makes them think about what they’ve just read.

How to Start a Cause and Effect Essay?

To start a compare and contrast essay, you need to keep the following steps in mind. These steps will help you keep your writing in order.

1. Understand the Instructions

Understanding the requirements is the most important factor for good essay writing. Read and understand the requirements provided by your instructor or teacher. Then, identify major elements like the word count and target audience.

2. Brainstorm and Choose a Topic

Whenever you think of writing an essay or have been given an essay writing assignment, your first step should be to brainstorm and think of some very creative and exciting ideas. The complete essay writing process revolves around it as you are continually thinking of new words and sentences. It will help you organize and discuss ideas.

Brainstorming will let you think of so many ideas from every possible aspect. It will make you think of many ideas, and you will have a list of related points that will help you compose a very compelling essay.

3. Collect Supporting Facts and Evidence

Once you have selected the topic, look for solid evidence and factual data to support your point of view. Make sure that you use authentic sources to collect such information.

You must have at least one supporting example, fact, or evidence for each cause and its effect.

4. Create an Outline

The outline is the core of an essay. It keeps an essay organized and makes it sit presentable and readable for the user. Write an expressive introduction for your topic in the outline and also mention the body paragraphs.

In the body paragraphs, discuss all the key causes and effects one by one. In the end, write a formal conclusion to give a sense of completion to the reader.

In conclusion, summarize the whole essay using more convincing words.

5. Set the Tone of Your Essay

Deciding on the tone of your essay is very important. Maintaining it throughout the essay is even more necessary. Decide if you want to write your essay in past participle or present. Once you have decided the tone of an essay, make sure that you stick to it.

6. Start Writing your Essay

As you have your topic, related information, and an outline, start writing the essay. Use the outline as a guide for composing the essay. It will help you stay focused and away from any irrelevant information.

How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay?

To write a compelling and exciting cause and effect essay, follow the steps mentioned below.

1. Select the Topic

Mostly, the instructors assign the students with the topics. In case you have not been given any subject, consider it a plus point for you.

Here you need to think of topic ideas you would like to write on. Surf online, go through different research papers and previously written articles to find something interesting.

Look around, and it might click a strong point in your mind and help you write a significant cause and effect essay.

During all this process, make sure that you are properly managing your time. Otherwise, it will disturb your schedule and might cause trouble in completing the essay on time.

2. Conduct Research to Identify the Cause and its Effects

Once you have decided on the topic, it is time to conduct a research session. Conduct thorough research work and identify the cause and effects related to your topic.

Research is a significant part of essay writing. Therefore, the more research you do, the more accurate and robust your essay is likely to be.

As you read more about the topic, you will have more facts and evidence to stand for your case. It will be helpful when it’s time to write your thesis.

It is essential to mention here that only credible and authentic sources should be used to collect factual data so that there is no room for doubts.

3. Collect Supporting Facts

To make your cause and effect essay reliable and flawless, make sure you find valid and significant supporting arguments.

Reasonable approaches to find at least one fact or evidence for each of the causes and effects. Moreover, try to collect data from all aspects, including psychological, logical, expert opinions, and real-life examples.

4. Create an Outline

Once you have decided on your topic and collected all the related facts, organize everything in an essay outline.

The outline for this essay depends on the additional instructions provided by the instructor. In the case otherwise, the format of a standard framework for cause and effect essay.

  1. Introduction paragraph- In this paragraph, you introduce your topic, provide a little historical background, and state your essay’s thesis statement.
  2. Body paragraph 1 starts with a topic sentence and helps you explain one of the ideas that support your thesis.
  3. Body paragraph 2 starts with a topic sentence where you discuss a second idea that supports your thesis.
  4. Conclusion- This is the last part of the essay where you restate your thesis and present any ideas or thoughts for future research on this topic.

Remember that the thesis statement is a crucial element of your whole essay. Therefore, the arrangement of your essay entirely depends on the way you create your outline.

The outline gives flow and sequence to your essay and makes the writing process easy for you.

5. Write Your Essay Draft

Once you have created an outline for your essay and have all the data you need to write your essay, hop on to the writing process.

There are a few things you need to keep in mind while creating the draft for your essay.

Make use of accessible language.

Follow a standard format.

Make use of transition words.

Keep things flexible to incorporate changes if needed.

Stay focused and do not add unnecessary information.

Cause and Effect Essay Format

The format of cause and effect essay is no different from other essay types. Like any other essay, this essay has an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion.

1. Introduction

The introduction of this essay has a hook statement. This statement is the main root of an article as it is very catchy and compels the reader to read the complete article.

The introductory part also tells a little historical background about the topic of the essay you have chosen to write on.

A thesis statement needs to be stated before concluding the introduction paragraph. The thesis statement explains your cause and how it is affecting you in a very concise way.

Moreover, the thesis statement is just a sentence that explains your whole idea. So ensure that you write it wisely.

2. Body Paragraphs

The body paragraphs follow the introduction. Usually, an essay has three body paragraphs. Each one of them starts with a topic sentence.

A topic sentence is a kind of introduction to the paragraphs as it tells the point discussed in the respective section.

In each of these paragraphs, all the key points are discussed. In addition, all the supporting evidence is mentioned to support the point of view.

3. Cause and Effect Essay Antithesis Paragraph

The antithesis paragraph of the cause and effect essay discusses the other side of the argument. It presents the primary reasons for choosing a subject and the occurrence of cause and effect variables.

4. Conclusion

To write a cause and effect essay conclusion is an extraordinary thing to do as in conclusion, you need to restate your thesis statement and all the significant points, to sum up, your essay.

Never add a new point in the conclusion, as it will leave the reader confused and left-off.

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Two Ways to Arrangement of a Cause and Effect Essay

Like any other essay, there is a specific way to arrange a cause-and-effect relationship. There are two ways in which we can write and organize this type of essay.

The two ways of arranging a cause and effect essay are:

  • Chronological order
  • Reverse chronological order.

Apart from this order, the point you want to mention is that your essay can be presented based on its importance and emphasis.

Pro-Tip: Things to Avoid

There are a few things that you need to stay away from during a draft of the essay.

  1. Grammatical mistakes
  2. Incorrect punctuation
  3. Wrong vocabulary
  4. Unclear thesis statement
  5. Invalid examples and evidence

To ensure that you have not made a mistake, you must proofread your document at least once. Proofreading is a simple process in which you read your paper carefully and look out for any errors.

Cause and Effects Essay Examples

To understand the concept of a cause-and-effect essay in a better way, here are a few examples of a well-written cause-and-effect essay.

Read these examples carefully and use them as a guide to writing a good cause and effect essay yourself.

Cause and Effect Essay Topics

Cause and effect essays can be written on a variety of topics. Following is a list of some interesting topics for writing a cause-and-effect essay.

  • Melting of the oceans.
  • The popularity of Sports in the US
  • Social networks can help people fight depression.
  • What causes people to have eating disorders?
  • What are the causes for the increasing obesity rate?
  • Long-term exposure to ozone is linked to aggravation of asthma and is likely to be one of many causes of asthma development. Explain
  • Why do people find ASMR (autonomous sensory meridian response)YouTube videos comforting?
  • What is causing the rise of non-drug treatment for pain?
  • What causes depression?
  • What is the effect on our mental health of spending time in nature?
  • How do depression and anxiety affect our artistic senses?
  • Greenhouse Effect.
  • Effects Of Air Pollution On Health.
  • Water vapor causes the natural greenhouse effect.
  • Different Factors That Cause Food Spoilage
  • Vietnam War Effect on Youth of America
  • Poverty and crime in the United States.
  • Insomnia influences a person’s abilities.
  • Hormonal changes can cause mood swings.
  • Obesity and Willpower.
  • What is the solution to obesity in American children?
  • Effects of social media.

Tips for Writing a Cause and Effect Essay

A little extra enhancing touch to anything is always right as you understand all the steps you need to follow to write a good cause-and-effect essay.

Have a look at some extra tips to enhance your article.

  • Choose a topic that you find interesting and significant. This will make the writing process fascinating, and you will end up writing a masterpiece of one kind.
  • Go for creating catchy and essay titles.
  • Stay focused.
  • Make your causes and effects a priority.
  • Take a break, relax your mind, and then start proofreading.
  • Use online tools to check your document for grammatical errors and proofreading.
  • Ask someone to proofread your paper. A second person will help you with proofreading better than any tool.

If you are running out of time and need a substantial cause-and-effect essay, a good option is to hire a professional to write an essay for you.

At EssayWriter.college, we have skilled and professional writers. They will provide you with a unique and fantastic essay on any required type. Whether it is an argumentative essay, persuasive essay, or any academic writing essay, we’ve got you.

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Barbara P


Barbara P (Marketing, Literature)

Barbara has a Ph.D. in public health from an Ivy League university and extensive experience working in the medical field. With her practical experience conducting research on various health issues, she is skilled in writing innovative papers on healthcare. Her many works have been published in multiple publications.

Barbara has a Ph.D. in public health from an Ivy League university and extensive experience working in the medical field. With her practical experience conducting research on various health issues, she is skilled in writing innovative papers on healthcare. Her many works have been published in multiple publications.

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