Many of the students have been told by their instructors that their essays were not clear and understandable and they need to add a “topic sentence” to the paragraphs.
Students often get confused and want to know “what is a topic sentence”? A topic sentence acts as an introduction of the paragraphs in the main body of every essay type. Its importance cannot be underestimated.
This blog is written to provide information regarding the topic sentence and how it is formed. If understood correctly and clearly, it can bring miraculous changes in your essays and other academic writings.
A topic sentence is a very important sentence in a paragraph of an academic essay. It is the first and the opening sentence of a paragraph that is constructed to give away the main idea and point of the paragraph to the readers.
It is a statement that contains the idea of the paragraph in the body section of your essay that basically summarizes the core and the central idea because of which that specific paragraph was created.
For writing an essay, it is important to add a topic sentence to each paragraph as it highlights that the new idea is being introduced and that paragraph will be talking about that particular thing that will support the main idea and topic of the essay.
Usually, a paragraph has three parts. It is only one part of a paragraph. The rest of the paragraph consists of a support sentence and a conclusion.
A topic sentence serves three major purposes:
In order to make your academic writing effective, it is important to present your paragraphs in a clear and explicit manner. The clearer the paragraphs the better your audience and readers will understand your point and the better they get persuaded.
Before you write it for your paragraph, it is important to first plan it out. Like every other thing in your essay, a topic sentence requires planning as well. The planning stage of a topic sentence is discussed in detail below.
Every paragraph in your essay is written to explore a certain idea. Each paragraph has a point or an idea and that idea backs the thesis statement. It is the purpose of the topic sentence to identify that idea.
To write a good topic sentence, you need to know what your paragraphs will be talking about and this is done when you outline your essay and know which points to discuss.
A thesis statement of your essay is the main argument according to which your whole essay is designed. In relevance to the topic of your essay, this thesis statement is made. All of the points made by the writer are to support and prove this main argument.
It is like a thesis statement of a paragraph. Only it doesn’t provide any argument, rather acts as a support for the thesis statement.
Before you make your own topic sentence for a paragraph, look for examples related to your essay type and topic to see how professionals have developed it. There are many online guidelines that will help you with examples.
If you want your academic writings and all other writings to be successful and more effective, perfecting the skill of writing topic sentences is mandatory. So to know how you can develop a good topic sentence, follow the process.
It is the first sentence of your paragraph so it should clearly state the subject matter to be discussed in the paragraph without using tricky and difficult vocabulary and words. The simpler the sentence, the easier it will be for the reader to understand it.
So it is necessary that a topic sentence should include a topic, an controlling idea, and an opinion to be perfect. Just put forward your intentions without explicitly stating them.
It should be created in a way that relates to the thesis statement of your essay. However, make sure that your topic sentence should have a balance between the general and specific ideas and between being too narrow and broad.
Writing a sentence that is too vague or general can both make your work difficult. Doing so will not let you discuss the idea in one paragraph. Similarly, if your idea or statement is broad or too narrow you will not be able to explain it in a single paragraph as well.
Aim for a balanced statement to make it perfect and effective.
A topic sentence also acts as an attention grabber for the readers. Smartly raise a question in your audience’s mind that you are intending to answer in the paragraph. Either writing a fiction or a non-fiction piece of content, an effective way to do it is to jump straight into the action.
You can hook your readers by describing a character emotionally or physically. Also, an interesting conversation between the characters can be used to draw the reader’s attention.
It should not develop a rhetorical question. Do not hit your audience with a question that you are to answer in the paragraph. Just make them raise it in their minds.
Make a statement that puts forward your intent without making your readers hunt and seek for it. If you keep the statement short, your intentions will be clearly presented.
In other words, it should be simpler than the thesis statement of your essay but should not also give away the extra information about the paragraph. Keeping the sentence short is also good to maintain the flow of the paragraph.
The other parts of the paragraph, support sentence, and conclusion are meant to support the topic sentence and the thesis statement as a whole. It should have something that will be proved in the paragraph through evidence and facts.
You can make an opinion in a topic sentence but make sure you can back that opinion with supporting evidence. Using only facts is not the best option. Facts are boring and do not draw the audience in the paragraph.
The topic sentence adds a transition to your essay. It helps your reader to stay on track presenting logical and connected content. Think of it as a bridge between the previous paragraph and the next paragraph.
Use transitional words and phrases like “in addition to” or “in contrast” to maintain the flow in your paragraphs.
You cannot come up with a perfect sentence in a go or if you are new to the concept. You will always make mistakes and errors while making a topic sentence. If you want it to be relevant and accurate avoid the following things while drafting a topic sentence:
A topic sentence holds great importance in an essay. No matter which essay type you are working on, a topic sentence will always be a part of academic writing. To write a perfect and flawless essay make sure your draft appropriate and accurate topic sentences.
Understanding Topic Sentence
Sample Topic Sentences
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