One thing is for sure. An essay writer can never think that they have mastered all the citations. There is always some little detail you did not think of. It pops out and scares you when you least expect it to.
You have been practicing a certain style for months. If you are a humanities or art student, you would love to get the hang of the Chicago style, which has been labeled as the editor’s bible for the ease it brings. Let’s say you have been working on this for days.
When you finally think you have crossed all the t’s and dotted every I, you discover you never really knew that the Chicago manual had different instructions for book citations.
And you have been practicing for journal articles all along.
These things will happen. Don’t expect to never have to learn. It still pays off to learn some good old basics because they can still put you in a better place than learning from scratch.
You may think this isn’t your cup of tea. You have never been good at writing essays, and as far as you are concerned, you don’t really have to learn.
Want a degree?
Want a decent shot at academic pursuits?
Well, you really don’t have a choice, do you? The good news is, anyone can learn.
Let’s start with the Chicago format. The Chicago format is faintly reminiscent of the APA format. It has a title page carrying information about you and your course, the instructor, as well as the particular essay you are writing. Each page carries a running head (except the title page), but in this case, it rests on the top right corner of a page. Each paragraph must begin with an indent.
The line spacing is to be set at two points. Then, with the help of a paper writing service, you can easily complete your assignment.
The next thing you need to take care of is the headings. The level one headings are to be made bold and centralized. Level two ones remain centralized but are not made bold, and level three ones are to be aligned towards the left of your page. Leave one-inch margins on all sides of the page, and you are good to go!
This style has two formats. One is a Notes and Bibliography system, and the other is an author-date system.
The author-date system is something that many of us are familiar with because of the fact that we have known either MLA (Modern Languages Association) or APA (American Psychological Association) styles for quite a long while.
Focusing on the Notes and Bibliography (often written down as NB) style, it would be better to explain the basic principle before we delve into the teeny tiny details.
The NB is based on the idea that you have to provide footnotes, endnotes, and a bibliography for all your sources. It can either be footnotes or endnotes, but a bibliography is mostly mandatory. Sometimes, writers eschew the bibliography because they have included all the details in their footnotes or endnotes. You can ask someone to write my essay for me if you have weak writing skills.
This presence of a bibliography AND some footnotes/endnotes can increase the level of accountability you gain by providing extensive evidence for and information about the sources you have included in your list of references.
The very idea of citations and references, no matter how much it may look like that, has not been based purely on and merely torturing students out of their wits. It has been designed to increase standardization and reduce plagiarism. Theft of intellectual property is one of the gravest crimes you can commit as a scholar.
Coming back to those notes…
If you do not include a bibliography, you need to insert a superscript number. This number is then referred to in a footnote or endnote. As you don’t have a reference list, this number will represent a detailed entry. You will include the author’s full name, the title of the source you are referring to, and information regarding the publisher and location of publication. Also include the date of publication. The format and sequence will be the same as discussed in the case of the reference lists/bibliographies below.
This will be done for the first note only. For all the other references to the same source, you need to mention the author’s last name, a shortened or abbreviated title, and page number(s).
This will hold true for all notes if you have included a bibliography.
Each entry corresponds to the number attached to it in the notes. It will carry information about the author (last name followed by the first name, both separated by a comma), italicized titles for all the sources (with those of poems and specific chapters being in quotation marks), the publisher’s /journal’s name, and the year of publication respectively.
All are to be separated by commas.
There you go, that wasn’t tricky at all, was it?
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