Pointers on how to create Toulmin Arguments

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The Toulmin framework was basically developed by philosopher Stephen E. Toulmin. The implementation of this method in your arguments often poses a challenge. However, the consistency that it brings in your paper's argumentation should motivate you into learning this art.

The Toulmin model is elegant in its simplification, it needs three essential components to be successful while formulating an argument. First, making the argument, second giving the arguments to back up the statement, and finally explaining why the explanations are relevant to the argument. This method of claim is often successful in dealing with controversial subjects. However, instead of presenting both perspectives, it addresses only one based on the evidence portrayed in a manner that makes it impossible to disagree with the point.

That method of analysis and writing allows an essay writer to identify positions for your readers and be much more compelling. These are the main steps:

  1. Consider your audiences: This approach encourages you to consider your listeners deliberately and also what they say so that you really can debate more efficiently.
  2. Take into account the conclusions: You would always need to offer good support to your proposals and recognize yours and your audience’s conclusions.
  3. Consider yourself the reformer: You can also mention that you are able to modify your stance or adjust your claim to determine when and where it occurs.

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Types of arguments

Deciding a topic is your first task. When you need guidance, take a look at some model papers to get help on various subject concepts. Next, you'll transform the theme concept into a point of claim. Getting familiar with various models and types of argument, you will be able to choose which one suits your paper the best.

You'll be able to acknowledge what sort of statement you really are presenting when you address these issues. It is indeed necessary to decide what sort of a point you make, and follow that up with appropriate evidence and explanation. Let’s see a few examples below:

  • Factual information

    What happened? Is that true? Does that really exist? Can this be considered a fact?

  • Defining it

    What is the concept? How did it emerge as a particular concept? How do people categorize it?

  • Cause

    What were the causes? What were the effects? Why did it happen? What were the consequences before and after? What can be the impacts of shorter and longer terms?

  • Value observation

    Is it effective or not? What were the positive and negative impacts? Were the implications ethical or unethical? What criteria would we use to act upon?

  • Policy recommendation

    What can we do? How can we resolve the specific issue? Who are the people who can resolve these issues? Do we have to reform our institutions, ideas, or individuals?

How arguments are backed up?

The Toulmin Approach presents arguments, documentation, and proof to justify a claim thereby. It includes:

  • Warrants: To demonstrate the conceptual relation between the information and the results.
  • Backup: To prove that warrant reasoning is practical and reliable.
  • Counterpoints: Consider the opposite sides of the equation.
  • Rebuttal: To justify whether the counterpoints are incorrect, or to restrict or validate the statement in order to reduce the rebuttals.

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Developing an argument

  • Claim: I want to have the public to accept (that's your own thesis).
  • Support/sub-claims: Why they would accept that (enlist justifications).
  • Warrant: Which beliefs do I possess that make me accept this assertion? Are these fairly similar to my audience? How can I develop a shared foundation?
  • Backup: Who are my audiences? Will they hold some of the same warrants I did? What warrants do I but also my audiences have in common? What proof or explanations may I give for making my viewers feel that we have shared ground?
  • Rebuttal: Which other views do you have on this issue? Which ones should I talk about in my paper? Why do I indicate that my position is stronger?
  • Lastly, Qualifier: Do I have to specify my statement in real numbers (every time, never, the better, worst) or assign some likely phrases (sometimes, probably, if, or perhaps)?

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